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By all these lovely tokens
September days are here,
With summer’s best of weather
And autumn’s best of cheer.

Helen Hunt Jackson - September
The breezes taste
Of apple peel.
The air is full
Of smells to feel-
Ripe fruit, old footballs,
Burning brush,
New books, erasers,
Chalk, and such.
The bee, his hive,
Well-honeyed hum,
And Mother cuts
Chrysanthemums.
Like plates washed clean
With suds, the days
Are polished with
A morning haze.

John Updike, September
Learn English in September

Let's talk about thus

nmoskovkinnmoskovkin Posts: 20 ✭✭
edited April 2017 in A Question of English
Hello there. Can someone help me a bit with word "thus"? I've been looking for one in Cambridge Dictionary and Cobuild Advanced Learner's Dictionary. It says:

> with this result
> They planned to reduce staff and thus to cut costs.
It is easy.

> Burke knocked out Byrne, thus becoming champion.
Why did becoming use?
I understand it as:
Burke knocked out Byrne, thus became champion. Or Burke knocked out Byrne, thus had became champion.

> Fold the sheets thus.
Is the folded sheets the result?

> Thus the Romans left Britain.
I have some problems with history science, but after that why Thus is placed on the first position?

Comments

  • amatsuscribbleramatsuscribbler Posts: 3,923 mod
    I cannot answer all your questions in a grammatical way. As I understand it, and thus is an old fashioned word nowadays, thus is a consequential word. All the sentences above are correct.
  • mheredgemheredge Posts: 44,759 ✭✭✭✭
    I see that 'thus' means 'as a result' or consequently @nmoskovkin. It isn't used much in spoken English and is a bit old fashioned.
  • TeachTeach Your Teacher HomePosts: 10,479 mod
    It is a very formal way of saying "in this way / manner". The most likely use nowadays is "thus far", which means to this extent. There are several examples of its use here:-

    http://sentence.yourdictionary.com/thus
  • TeachTeach Your Teacher HomePosts: 10,479 mod
    Re your examples:-

    Burke knocked out Byrne, thus becoming champion. = "Burke knocked out Byrne, and that is how he became the champion."

    Fold the sheets thus, is an instruction. = "Fold the sheets this way." (The way I am showing you.)

    Thus the Romans left Britain. = Difficult without the context of what was mentioned earlier, but it could mean - In this manner or For the aforementioned reasons the Romans left Britain.

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