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The reasons and solutions of congestion in urban areas
It is undoubtly the case that the urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from the congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the levels of the traffic in our cities.
The first step is to understand why the traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this trend. One is that cars have become more afforable for the avarage consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that more families expect to own. A second reason is that the public transport has increasingly become more unrelaible in recent years, not least because the bus or train services have reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.
There is almost certainly no one solution for this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the realiablity of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by car by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A sucessful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has increasingly reduced the levels of traffic in the inner city areas.
In conclusion, there are a variety of factors that have led to rising the levels of traffic in our cities. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.